Where to put appendix in research paper

Appendices example in report

Structure and Writing Style I. When the incorporation of material in the body of the work would make it poorly structured or it would be too long and detailed and To ensure inclusion of helpful, supporting, or essential material that would otherwise clutter or break up the narrative flow of the paper, or it would be distracting to the reader. This will help the reader know what information is included in the appendices [always list the appendix or appendices in a table of contents]. The first appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix A The second appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix B If you have more than 26 appendices, start the alphabet over with AA, BB, CC, and so on. Martin's Press, New York: St. Questionnaires or surveys -- this is a common form of data gathering. A separate appendix should be used for each distinct topic or set of data and always have a title descriptive of its contents. Include all variations of the instruments as well if different items were sent to different groups [e. The second and following paragraphs are indented as "normal" paragraphs are. Tables, Appendices, Footnotes and Endnotes. If you have more than three appendices, consider listing them on a separate page at the beginning of your paper.

Appendices are always supplementary to the research paper. The heading should be "Appendix," followed by a letter or number [e.

How to reference an appendix

All appendices should be summarized in your paper where it is relevant to the content. This will help the reader know before reading the paper what information is included in the appendices [always list the appendix or appendices in a table of contents]. General Points to Consider When considering whether to include content in an appendix, keep in mind the following points: It is usually good practice to include your raw data in an appendix, laying it out in a clear format so the reader can re-check your results. The St. For example, if you need to contrast the techniques of analysis used by other authors with your own method of analysis, summarize that information, and cite to the original work. If you have a lot of raw data or information that is difficult to present in textual form, consider uploading it to an online site. Otto O. This is why non-textual elements should not carry over the sequential numbering of elements in the paper. Non-textual elements -- as noted above, if there are a lot of non-textual items, such as, figures, tables, maps, charts, photographs, drawings, or graphs, think about highlighting examples in the text of the paper but include the remainder in an appendix. Remember that appendices contain non-essential information that, if removed, would not diminish a reader's understanding of the overall research problem being investigated. If you have more than three appendices, consider listing them on a separate page at the beginning of your paper. It is appropriate to include appendices

Martin's Handbook. Example: In addition to the limitations of email, Cummings et al.

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Non-textual elements -- as noted above, if there are a lot of non-textual items, such as, figures, tables, maps, charts, photographs, drawings, or graphs, think about highlighting examples in the text of the paper but include the remainder in an appendix. Label first, title second. The order they are presented is dictated by the order they are mentioned in the text of your research paper.

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This is important because the entire source of data should be included even if you are referring to only certain parts of a chart or table in the text of your paper. If you have a very long and complex appendix, it is a good idea to break it down into separate appendices, allowing the reader to find relevant information quickly as the information is covered in the body of the paper.

The appendix can be a good place to put maps, photographs, diagrams, and other non-textual elements, if you feel that it will help the reader to understand the content of your paper, but remembering that the paper should be understandable without them.

This will help the reader know before reading the paper what information is included in the appendices [always list the appendix or appendices in a table of contents].

Interview Transcripts -- in qualitative research, interviewing respondents is often used to gather information. The full transcript from an interview is important so the reader can read the entire dialog between researcher and respondent.

Rarely used How to format an appendix: You may have more than one appendix aka appendices Each appendix should deal with a separate topic Each appendix must be referred to by name Appendix A, Appendix B, Appendix C, etc.

Where to put appendix in research paper

Piwowar, Heather A. Writing Tip Consider Putting Your Appendices Online Appendices are useful because they provide the reader with information that supports your study without breaking up the narrative or distracting from the main purpose of your paper. Appendices must be listed in the table of contents [if used]. Questionnaires or surveys -- this is a common form of data gathering. Raw statistical data — this can include any numerical data that is too lengthy to include in charts or tables in its entirety within the text. The first appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix A The second appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix B If you have more than 26 appendices, start the alphabet over with AA, BB, CC, and so on. General Points to Consider When considering whether to include content in an appendix, keep in mind the following points: It is usually good practice to include your raw data in an appendix, laying it out in a clear format so the reader can re-check your results. Importance of Another option if you have a large amount of raw data is to consider placing it online and note this as the appendix to your research paper.

New York: St.

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Writing an Appendix