Law of xenia

In this case, the punishment is death at the hands of Odysseus.

Xenia wiki

In ancient Greece however, this hospitable social code was quite common and held much importance. Odysseus is bestowed with lavish gifts: he is given by each of the nobles a cloak, tunic and talent of gold 8. However, some have been able to adapt with the times and transform into decorum that can be still valued today. The interaction between Eumaeus and Odysseus culminates in a false tale by Odysseus where he hints that he would like to be loaned a cloak, which Eumaeus hospitably loans him for overnight. However, in order to preserve the confidence of humans in xenia as a protected, sacred form of exchange and social bond, it remains essential for the gods to be honoured, sacrificed to and called upon in the process of forming the bond. In order for recognition to be possible, the issues proposed, challenged and discussed in the texts would have been contemporary to the audience. Just like with the suitors, undesirable hospitality and a bad reception of that hospitality ultimately results in a break in the sacred guest host relationship.

The redistributive and reciprocal system, revolving around xenia and commanded by the aristocratic classes, was replaced by a system in which markets were increasingly important. All the Greek city-states joined forces to fight against the villain who could commit such a serious offense — for the full narrative, see the Bibliotheka by Pseudoapollodorus.

Although many people — even nowadays — see Germans as barbarians and warmongers, Richard Wagner demonstrates how civilized they were when it came to Xenia.

This leads us to believe that they only shower him with gifts and feed him because it is what the gods want.

hospitality in the iliad

Of these, I shall focus on two in more detail: the relationship between Glaukos and Diomedes, and the relationship between Odysseus and Alcinous. Parisfrom the house of Priam of Troywas a guest of Menelausking of Mycenaean Spartabut seriously transgressed the bounds of xenia by abducting his host's wife, Helen.

After the meal, not before, comes the question: who are you? The interaction between Eumaeus and Odysseus culminates in a false tale by Odysseus where he hints that he would like to be loaned a cloak, which Eumaeus hospitably loans him for overnight.

The crucial difference seems to be the lack of a personalised relationship: the Phoenician traders take no personal or familial interest Cf.

The law of hospitality

Therefore we are led to believe that there is some other reasoning behind all of this generosity. The most important act of hospitality Telemachus and Penelope perform is allow Odysseus access at the bow, and thus access to the tool that he uses to kill the suitors and reveal his identity. Circe had also failed to keep Odysseus in her halls as her mate. Works Cited Austin, Norman. Although many people — even nowadays — see Germans as barbarians and warmongers, Richard Wagner demonstrates how civilized they were when it came to Xenia. Homer even creates a highly misleading character construct for the real Phoenicians in opposition to the fictional Phaeacians, in order to provoke debate over their rising influence in trade and its implications for international relationships and exchanges as part of xenia. Since the other citizens had failed in their duties toward the gods, Jupiter decided to send a flood and destroy the city. For the modern reader, it is difficult to discern the nature of the guest-host relationship and its application without explicitly studying it. When the Cyclops decides to eat rather than welcome Odysseus and his crew, the men poke his eye out. Yet these questions and problems also demonstrate that it was vulnerable to abuse and change. Here, then, he offers Telemachus his guest-gift and promises to provide him with horses and a chariot, which can serve as transportation. The respect from guest to host.

By doing so, he thereby illuminates further his heroic identity as a champion and man of great strength.

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Xenia the ancient Greek concept of hospitality