An analysis of the homestead act

what is the homestead act

After 5 years, the homesteader could file for his patent or deed of title by submitting proof of residency and the required improvements to a local land office.

Early methods for allocating unsettled land outside the original 13 colonies were arbitrary and chaotic.

Why was the homestead act passed

At the time of the Articles of Confederation, the major controversy related to land measurement and pricing. This law gave acres of land away to individuals who met certain requirements. The Homestead Act, signed by Lincoln on May 20, , embodied a radical promise: free land for the masses. At a New Year's Eve party the night before, Freeman met some local Land Office officials and convinced a clerk to open the office shortly after midnight in order to file a land claim. Students should be placed in groups of and provided with enough time to complete the primary source analysis worksheet for each of the primary sources in the packet. As a result, overworked and underpaid investigators were often susceptible to bribery. Limited fuel and water supplies could turn simple cooking and heating chores into difficult trials. Though a century and thousands of miles separate Freeman and Deardorff, as homesteaders, they underwent a similar legal process. Many railroads and western towns sent representatives to European countries to entice people to move to the United States. This allowed many European immigrants, African-Americans and others to stake claims as well. Female heads of household were eligible.

Female heads of household were eligible. As a result, overworked and underpaid investigators were often susceptible to bribery. Many locators showed individuals land near their own claim in order to "settle" the country and have neighbors nearby.

These acts used public lands to achieve significant national ambitions of western migration and the construction of the transcontinental railroad.

homestead act summary

Who was the audience? Homesteaders, who had to be the head of a household or 21 years of age and had to certify they had never borne arms against the U.

For the next 5 years, the homesteader had to live on the land and improve it by building a by dwelling and growing crops.

An analysis of the homestead act

Bureau of Land Management to manage federal lands. The Transcontinental Railroad began to be built after the Pacific Railroad Act passed inthat promoted and aided the construction of this railroad.

Many more pioneers followed, populating the land, building towns and schools and creating new states from the territories.

Homestead act minnesota

After the Civil War, Union soldiers could deduct the time they served from the residency requirements. In many respects, Lincoln was a hero due to his notable acts, great causes and nobel works. As a result, in many areas, the original homesteader did not stay on the land long enough to fulfill the claim. Boundaries were established by stepping off plots from geographical landmarks. The new railroads provided easy transportation for homesteaders, and new immigrants were lured westward by railroad companies eager to sell off excess land at inflated prices. About 1. Like this article? Beginning January 1, , any U.

These witnesses had to state they had known the homesteader for 5 years, knew the claimant had tilled the land and grown crops. Byover 1.

Homestead act significance

This allowed many European immigrants, African-Americans and others to stake claims as well. Absent opposition from plantation owners, Congress passed the Homestead Act. Additional requirements included five years of continuous residence on the land, building a home on it, farming the land and making improvements. The Land Ordinance of finally implemented a standardized system of Federal land surveys that eased boundary conflicts. Six months after the Homestead Act was passed, the Railroad Act was signed, and by May , a transcontinental railroad stretched across the frontier. In , the Department of the Interior recognized Freeman as the first claimant and established the Homestead National Monument, near a school built in , on his homestead near Beatrice, Nebraska. Beginning January 1, , any U. Historical thinking skills questions that may guide the discussion include: Close Reading— What to do you see? Many railroads and western towns sent representatives to European countries to entice people to move to the United States. Though a century and thousands of miles separate Freeman and Deardorff, as homesteaders, they underwent a similar legal process. This law allowed women to file claims and own land. Until then the federal government had generally sold its unoccupied property, favoring men with capital. At the time of the signing, 11 states had left the Union, and this piece of legislation would continue to have regional and political overtones.

Open plains meant few trees for building, forcing many to build homes out of sod.

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