Susan Wolf utilises such an argument in her Moral Saints paper by condemning the undesirable lifestyles demanded by moral theories which enforce obligations.
This is especially true if that life-ideal, alike moral sainthood, is deprived of the things we enjoy in Western culture. In this regards, I concur with Wolf. Therefore, in the case of Winston, the fact that others judge his life to be poor and subsequently reject his theory is proof enough that his theory falls short in some moral aspect.
Moreover, they would be valued only as a means to producing happiness, and not intrinsically, Wolf,88 meaning any non-moral qualities would be disposable. In order for the conditional found in her third premise to function, Wolf must utilise one of two approaches to evaluating life-ideals.
Another way of thinking about this issue is from the perspective of reasons and actions. Key Terms — Deontic and Virtue Ethics In contemporary moral philosophy, ethical theories are predominantly separated into three categories; teleological, deontological and virtue ethical.
The problem with extreme altruism, as Oscar Wilde is reported to have said about socialism, is that it takes up too many evenings.
Firstly, her evaluation of a life-ideal could be a based upon a moral judgment; such as that it is morally bad to lead an undesirable life because of commitment to a moral theory.
In the following two sections, I shall respond to both possible approaches separately, demonstrating unavoidable shortcomings in both.
Wolf, against the current of much popular philosophical thought, holds the view that meaning in life depends on spending your life absorbed in activities that are objectively good.